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Just Eat Takeaway.com to combine with Grubhub to create a leading global online food delivery player
Just Eat Takeaway.com N.V. (AMS: TKWY, LSE: JET), (the “Company” or “Just Eat Takeaway.com”), and Grubhub Inc. (NYSE: GRUB) (“Grubhub”) have entered into a definitive agreement whereby the Company is to acquire 100% of the shares of Grubhub in an all-stock transaction (the “Transaction”) to create the world’s largest online food delivery company outside of China, measured by Gross Merchandise Value (“GMV”) and revenues.
The Transaction represents Just Eat Takeaway.com’s entry into online food delivery in the United States (“U.S.”) and builds on the strategic rationale for its recent merger with Just Eat plc (“Just Eat”). A combined Just Eat Takeaway.com and Grubhub (the “Combined Group”) will become the world’s largest online food delivery company outside of China1, with strong brands connecting restaurant partners with their customers in 25 countries. The Combined Group will be built around four of the world’s largest profit pools in online food delivery: the U.S., the United Kingdom (“U.K.”), the Netherlands and Germany, increasing the Combined Group’s ability to deploy capital and resources to strengthen its competitive positions in all its markets. The Combined Group has strong leadership positions in almost all countries in which it is present and will become a significant player in North America. Just Eat Takeaway.com owns the leading Canadian business SkipTheDishes. The Combined Group is one of the few profitable players in the space and processed approximately 593 million orders in 2019 with more than 70 million combined active customers globally.
- Under the terms of the Transaction, Grubhub shareholders will be entitled to receive American depositary receipts (“ADRs”) representing 0.6710 Just Eat Takeaway.com ordinary shares in exchange for each Grubhub share, representing an implied value of $75.15 for each Grubhub share (based on the undisturbed closing price of Just Eat Takeaway.com on 9 June 2020 of €98.602) and implying a total equity consideration (on a fully diluted basis) of $7.3 billion.
- Immediately following completion of the Transaction, Grubhub shareholders are expected to own ADRs representing approximately 30.0% of the Combined Group (on a fully diluted basis).
- On completion, Matt Maloney, CEO and founder of Grubhub, will join the Just Eat Takeaway.com Management Board and will lead the Combined Group’s businesses across North America and two current Grubhub Directors will join the Just Eat Takeaway.com Supervisory Board.
- The Transaction is subject to the approval of both Just Eat Takeaway.com’s and Grubhub’s shareholders, as well as other customary completion conditions. Subject to satisfaction of the conditions, completion of the Transaction is anticipated to occur in the first quarter of 2021.
- The Combined Group will be headquartered and domiciled in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, with its North American headquarters in Chicago and a significant presence in the U.K..
- Just Eat Takeaway.com is listed on Euronext Amsterdam and the Main Market of the London Stock Exchange and will introduce an ADR listing in the U.S..
Both the Managing Board and the Supervisory Board of Just Eat Takeaway.com and the Board of Directors of Grubhub are recommending the Transaction to their respective shareholders. Jitse Groen, CEO and founder of Just Eat Takeaway.com, has entered into a voting and support agreement, and subject to and in accordance with the terms thereof, has committed to vote in favour of the Transaction at the Just Eat Takeaway.com extraordinary general meeting (“EGM”).
Jitse Groen, CEO and founder of Just Eat Takeaway.com, said: “Matt and I are the two remaining food delivery veterans in the sector, having started our respective businesses at the turn of the century, albeit on two different continents. Both of us have a firm belief that only businesses with high-quality and profitable growth will sustain in our sector. I am excited that we can create the world’s largest food delivery business outside China. We look forward to welcoming Matt and his team to our company and working with them in the future.”
Matt Maloney, CEO and founder of Grubhub, commented: “When Grubhub and Seamless were founded, the online takeout industry didn’t exist in the U.S.. My vision was to transform the delivery and pick-up ordering experience. Like so many other entrepreneurs, we started modestly – restaurant by restaurant in our Chicago neighbourhood. Today, Grubhub is a leader across North America. I’ve known Jitse since 2007 and his story is much like mine. Combining the companies that started it all will mean that two trailblazing start-ups have become a clear global leader. We share a focus on a hybrid model that places extra value on volume at independent restaurants, driving profitable growth. Supported by Just Eat Takeaway.com, we intend to accelerate our mission to be the fastest, best and most rewarding way to order food from your favourite local restaurants in North America and around the world. We could not be more excited.”
Just Eat Takeaway.com's mission has consistently been focused on becoming the best food delivery company on the planet. Since its founding in 2000, Takeaway.com has chosen only to enter into markets in which it believes it can become a leader and be profitable. In fact, it is one of the rare examples of a profitable food delivery platform. The profits in the Netherlands helped secure a leadership position in Germany and other Continental European countries. The growth and profitability of the Takeaway.com businesses eventually allowed it to merge with Just Eat, another profitable European food delivery business. As a result, Just Eat Takeaway.com has leading positions in three of the world's four largest profit pools for food delivery: the U.K., Germany and the Netherlands.
Just Eat Takeaway.com management believes that Grubhub is the best food delivery company in the U.S. and it is the only one which is culturally similar to Just Eat Takeaway.com. It has its origins in marketplace, and unlike most other food delivery companies, it has consistently been EBITDA positive. The competitive situation in the U.S. has changed over the past few years. In response, Grubhub successfully transformed its business into a hybrid model to meet the heightened competition. Just Eat Takeaway.com management believes that this is the right strategy. Success in the U.S. depends on deploying the right mix of logistics and marketplace region-by-region, a balance Grubhub has achieved with profitable leading positions in key U.S. population centres. Despite this progress, the U.S. remains an underpenetrated market, with a tremendous TAM. It is nowhere near its end-state.
Grubhub as part of Just Eat Takeaway.com will become a much stronger business. Just Eat Takeaway.com owns SkipTheDishes, the clear leader in Canada. By building a North American leadership position, Just Eat Takeaway.com will be able to further strengthen both the Canadian and U.S. businesses. Just Eat Takeaway.com will prioritise sustainable growth over profits, as this has been a major driver of its strategy and success in Europe. Grubhub has leading positions in a number of large U.S. cities, including New York. Just Eat Takeaway.com intends to invest in expanding these leading positions.
While in spirit Just Eat Takeaway.com is the same company as at the beginning of last year, in size it is not. Just Eat Takeaway.com has become one of the world's largest food delivery companies. The latter also means that its main competitors are no longer from Europe. They are large international operators. This transaction significantly strengthens its global competitive position.
- Creates a company built around four of the world’s largest profit pools in food delivery: the U.S., the U.K., the Netherlands and Germany. These markets show substantial further opportunities for growth, significant penetration upside and longer-term profitability improvements.
- Grubhub will be much stronger as part of Just Eat Takeaway.com. The combination with Just Eat Takeaway.com’s Canadian business, SkipTheDishes, as well as the increased scale and resources of the Combined Group will provide greater flexibility to make strategic, long-term investment decisions.
- In the U.S., where the market is competitive and fragmented across local regions and cities, Grubhub’s differentiated offering provides it with unique advantages given its large marketplace business, its Seamless corporate business, its large geographic footprint and extensive customer and restaurant relationships.
- The enhanced scale and leading positions of the Combined Group provide an opportunity to leverage best practices from Just Eat Takeaway.com and Grubhub and create the broadest possible offering to both restaurant partners and consumers. The Combined Group will have a greater ability to leverage investments, in particular in technology, marketing and restaurant delivery services across the combined business.
- The Combined Group will have a founder-led management team with a proven track record of building leading positions in markets of scale. The new management team has 55+ years of combined experience in the sector.
- In the Company’s most important markets, the trading momentum witnessed in late-March continued into April and May with order growth in the U.K. of +33%, the Netherlands +38%, and Germany +48%. In Canada, order growth was particularly strong with +97%.
- Almost all of the markets most significantly affected by the COVID-19 crisis have now recovered to above pre-crisis order levels.
- Just Eat Takeaway.com provided substantial financial and operational relief to its restaurant partners across its markets. A range of local initiatives, worth millions of Euros, were provided to healthcare workers, including free meals delivered to hospitals and country-wide discounts for healthcare workers and their families.
- Grubhub Gross Food Sales, which is the primary driver of revenue, was +59% in April and May compared to April and May of last year.
- Grubhub demonstrated broad strength across older markets and new. New York continues to rebound from March lows, with consumer volume above pre-COVID-19 levels.
- Grubhub has seen an increase in activity from return diners and high quality new diners. Diner retention is meaningfully higher than prior quarters.
- Grubhub continues to support local restaurants with over $100 million to help them through the pandemic, including deferring commissions, substantial diner promotions, contactless delivery and investments in the company’s driver network to maintain a high level of service and safety.
- Grubhub is a leading online and mobile food-ordering and delivery marketplace in the U.S., with nearly 300,000 restaurants across 4,000 U.S. cities.
- For the 2019 financial year, Grubhub had 23 million active customers, recorded 180 million orders, GMV of $5.9 billion and revenues of $1.3 billion.
- Just Eat Takeaway.com highly respects the Grubhub management team and, following the completion of the Transaction, Matt Maloney will lead the Combined Group’s businesses in North America, including Canada.
- Upon completion of the Transaction, the Combined Group will initiate a programme to plan for integration, based on bringing together both companies’ experience of integrating acquisitions to minimise disruption to restaurants and consumers, whilst delivering the expected opportunities and benefits of the Transaction for the Combined Group’s stakeholders.
- The integration of Just Eat’s business is progressing well and is not expected to be affected by the acquisition of Grubhub. As one of the first major milestones, in the first week of June 2020, Just Eat’s market leading Swiss business was migrated to Just Eat Takeaway.com’s central European IT platform and the teams are working through further steps in the broader integration process.
On 10 June 2020, Just Eat Takeaway.com entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”), by and among Just Eat Takeaway.com, Grubhub, Checkers Merger Sub I, Inc. (“Merger Sub I”), a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Just Eat Takeaway.com, and Checkers Merger Sub II, Inc. (“Merger Sub II”), a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Just Eat Takeaway.com, providing for the acquisition by Just Eat Takeaway.com of all of the issued and outstanding shares of common stock of Grubhub.
At the effective time of the Transaction, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, each share of common stock of Grubhub will be converted into the right to receive ADRs representing 0.6710 Just Eat Takeaway.com ordinary shares, without interest.
Consummation of the Transaction is subject to customary closing conditions, including (i) the required approval of the Merger Agreement by the shareholders of Just Eat Takeaway.com and Grubhub; (ii) completion of any review by U.S. and U.K. antitrust authorities and the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS); (iii) the absence of any order prohibiting the Transaction; (iv) the accuracy of the representations and warranties of the parties and compliance by the parties with their respective obligations under the Merger Agreement (subject to customary materiality qualifiers); (v) the absence of any material adverse effect on Just Eat Takeaway.com or Grubhub since the date of the Merger Agreement; and (vi) approval of listing of the Just Eat Takeaway.com ADRs to be issued as the merger consideration on a U.S. stock exchange.
Just Eat Takeaway.com and Grubhub have each made customary representations and warranties and covenants in the Merger Agreement. Among other things, each of Just Eat Takeaway.com and Grubhub may not solicit or participate in discussions with third parties regarding alternative acquisition proposals, subject to exceptions that allow each of Just Eat Takeaway.com and Grubhub under certain circumstances to provide information to and participate in discussions with third parties with respect to unsolicited alternative acquisition proposals. In addition, until the termination of the Merger Agreement or the effective time of the Transaction, each of Just Eat Takeaway.com and Grubhub has agreed to use reasonable best efforts to operate its business in the ordinary course of business in all material respects and has agreed to certain other negative covenants. The Merger Agreement contains certain termination rights for Just Eat Takeaway.com and Grubhub. Upon termination of the Merger Agreement under specified circumstances, including if Just Eat Takeaway.com or Grubhub terminates the Merger Agreement in order to accept an alternative acquisition proposal that constitutes a superior proposal or if the board of one party changes its recommendation of the transaction, Just Eat Takeaway.com or Grubhub, as applicable, will be required to pay the other party a termination fee of $144 million.
The foregoing description of the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby does not purport to be complete and is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by, the full text of the Merger Agreement.
Just Eat Takeaway.com (AMS: TKWY, LSE: JET) is a leading global online food delivery marketplace outside China. Headquartered in Amsterdam, the Company is focused on connecting consumers and restaurants through its platforms. With over 155,000 connected restaurants, Just Eat Takeaway.com offers consumers a wide variety of food choice. Just Eat Takeaway.com mainly collaborates with delivery restaurants. In addition, Just Eat Takeaway.com provides its proprietary restaurant delivery services for restaurants that do not deliver themselves. The combination of Just Eat and Takeaway.com has rapidly grown to become a leading online food delivery marketplace with operations in the U.K., the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Spain, Belgium, Poland, Austria, Israel, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Portugal, Bulgaria, Romania, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Mexico and Brazil. In the financial year ended 31 December 2019 and prior to the completion of the merger with Just Eat, the Company generated revenues of €416 million, loss before tax of €88 million and as at 31 December 2019 had gross assets of €1,659 million.
Grubhub (NYSE: GRUB) is a leading online and mobile food-ordering and delivery marketplace with the largest and most comprehensive network of restaurant partners, as well as nearly 24 million active diners. Dedicated to connecting diners with the food they love from their favourite local restaurants, Grubhub elevates food ordering through innovative restaurant technology, easy-to-use platforms and an improved delivery experience. Grubhub features nearly 300,000 restaurants and is proud to partner with more than 200,000 of these restaurants in over 4,000 U.S. cities. The Grubhub portfolio of brands includes Grubhub, Seamless, LevelUp, AllMenus and MenuPages. In the financial year ended 31 December 2019, Grubhub generated revenues of $1,312 million, loss before tax of $26.8 million and as at 31 December 2019 had gross assets of $2,375 million.
The size of the Transaction means that it is classed as a Class 1 transaction under the UK Listing Rules. Accordingly, and also pursuant to Dutch law, the Transaction is conditional upon, among other matters, the approval of the Transaction by the Company’s shareholders. An EGM will be convened in due course for the Company’s shareholders to consider and, if thought fit, approve the Transaction. The resolution to be put to shareholders at the EGM will be set out in a Class 1 circular and convocation of the EGM. The Class 1 circular and the convocation of the EGM will be made available on the corporate website of Just Eat Takeaway.com (https://corporate.takeaway.com) in advance of the EGM. The EGM is expected to take place in the second half of 2020. The Transaction is also subject to Grubhub shareholder approval. The Transaction is anticipated to complete in the first quarter of 2021.
Jitse Groen, Matt Maloney, Brent Wissink and Jörg Gerbig will host an analyst and investor conference call to discuss the Transaction at 14:00 CEST / 13:00 BST / 08:00 EDT on 11 June 2020. Information on how to access the live audio webcast can be found at https://corporate.takeaway.com and https://investors.grubhub.com. The recorded audio webcast (together with the accompanying slides) will be made available, subject to certain restrictions relating to persons resident in restricted jurisdictions, on Just Eat Takeaway.com’s and Grubhub’s websites.